The characteristic, old Modica County lies within three valleys in the form of a huge "Y". His name had different shapes: the Greeks called it Μότουκα, the Romans Mothyca, then Motyca, Mŭtȳcē, and finally Mutica. The term would come from the place name Mùrika, which in the language of the Siculians means "naked rock", so it was handed down by the Greeks before, by the Romans later.
Another philological interpretation suggests that Greek Motyka originated from the Indo-European Mothuc, "the city from many hills". As can be deduced from the true foundations of the sunken cities in this portion of the island can be traced back to 80 years before the Troy War, then towards 1360.
The peoples who dominated her followed each other. Hellenic and Phoenician finds, strong Roman footprints, and subsequent Byzantine influences from both Arabs and Normans are noted. There are significant linguistic, cultural, artistic and architectural testimonies.
The title of "County" dates back to Norman rule in the 11th century, but for a short time, but it is mainly during the rule of the Aragon of Spain (13th-17th century), following the one of the Angie of France, Modica , As a county, he met his greatest fervor, representing, with the Counts of Moscow and especially with the Chiaramonte and the Cabrera, the role of very important local power, typical of feudalism, which, by authority, wealth and magnificence, had nothing to envy that Of the same King, who only indirectly controlled the territory.
Seven centuries of effective duration, therefore, almost entirely under the shadow or the Spanish hand, which left a strong mark.
The city currently extends for 290,77 km² and has a population of 55,341 inhabitants. It is divided into 3 main areas, the Modica Low center, the nucleus around the Modica Alta castle, and the new Sacred Heart zone called Modica Dea.
Until the early 1900s, the lower part of the city was characterized by the presence of two rivers crossing it, Ianni Mauro and Pozzo dei Pruni. They walked through what is now the main course (c.so Umberto I) and joined the formation of the River Moticano (or Fiumara), a watercourse in the southeastern Sicily. Its course takes place entirely in the province of Ragusa and is 22 km long. The meeting between the two water courses takes place just under the Tower of the Castle of the Counts of Modica.
Above them had been built 17 bridges that united the various shores of the city, this caused that in the first editions of the Encyclopaedia Treccani, Modica was defined as the most characteristic city of Italy after Venice.
Towards the beginning of the 20th century, due to the various violent floods that caused the death of many people, the two rivers were covered.
It is one of the oldest districts and stretched from the northern walls of the Castle to the present Church of St. John. A beautiful and evocative view is given by the small and old houses encircled on the rock that, with their characteristic lights, give the panorama the appearance of a crib.
It is the new residential area, built in recent years. It was a passage of pilgrims who stopped to refresh themselves in an inn, owned by a nice deaf old man. From there he took his name. It is currently an area rich in modern shopping malls, shops and palaces.
TOUR CASTLE DONNAFUGATA - PUNTA SECCA TOUR CASTLE DONNAFUGATA - PUNTA SECCA